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The Longitudinal Immigration Database combines linked administrative immigration and tax data files. It is a comprehensive source of data on the socio-economic outcomes of the immigrant taxfiler population in Canada. In partnership with Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and the national network of Local Immigration Partnerships (LIP), the Community Data Program has acquired a set of data tables tracking the mobility and economic outcomes of Canada's newcomer population over several years.

The ICARE IMDB tables include data from the ICARE Settlement Services module, which has information on the type and number of services received at the person level.  Counts include persons having received services at any time, not necessarily during the tax year in question.
ICARE Table T1 combines data on settlement services delivery with economic outcomes. The data is available at three levels of geography:

  • Local Immigration Partnership geographies (Table T1A)
  • Census Subdivisions, e.g., municipality, city (Table T1B)
  • Census Divisions, e.g., region/county (Table T1C)

Please note that the LIP custom geography tables contain Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) data for the following cities, instead of Census Subdivision (CSD) data as was the case in previous versions of the table:

  • Calgary
  • Edmonton
  • Winnipeg
  • Regina
  • Saskatoon

CSD-level data for these cities is available in the CSD tables.  The catchment area for these LIPs is the CMA, but previously CSD-level data was provided in these tables.


ICARE (Immigration Contribution Agreement Reporting Environment) is a reporting system used by organizations providing resettlement services to immigrants to report their activities. Annually, Statistics Canada received files generated by ICARE, in order to produce an IMDB settlement services module. The data received covered the services provided from 2013 and onward.

The category ‘Having received settlement services’ refers to immigrants who have received settlement service at any time, not necessarily the tax year in question.  An immigrant could receive one or more service at the same time, and/or multiple times, one service could last over years.
Settlement services are received in Canada or pre-arrival. These tables only include services received in Canada. Note that the coverage for immigrants admitted prior to 2013 is partial. Data from organisations located in Quebec are not collected, so only services provided to immigrants outside Quebec are available.
Settlement services are not limited to recent immigrants. For example, 315 immigrants first admitted in 1980 had received settlement services between 2013 and October 2020, it was also the case for 1,050 immigrants admitted in 1990 and 4,245 immigrants admitted in 2000

For more information, consult the Longitudinal Immigration Database [IMDB] Technical Report, 2020A primer for the IMDB is available here. You can download 2018 IMDB data dictionaries here. If you have questions about this product, feel free to contact the CDP team.

Years within data
File format
File Size
17.3 MB
Census or NHS topic
StatCan Type
Date released
Full title
Longitudinal Immigration Database [IMDB] - ICARE Table T1 - Immigrant taxfiler income by age-sex, admission category and world area of birth, admission and tax year, settlement services, 2019 constant dollars - CD, CSD and Local Immigration Partnership geographies, tax years 2012-2020