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Statistics Canada has just released data on Aboriginal peoples, immigration and ethnocultural diversity, and housing from the 2016 Census program.
The Daily published three bulletins summarizing key results from the 2016 Census. Among the findings are: a growing Aboriginal population in metropolitan areas; a majority of immigrants (60.3%) admitted under the economic category; and a lower rate of millennial home ownership.
Data Tables Data Tables page to see data from new releases. On Novermber 29, StatCan will spotlight education, labour, journey to work, language of work, mobility and migration.
The Community Data Program team will make links available from our website to STC’s website for the free standard releases, while special orders – non-standard geographies and custom cross-tabs – will be ordered by the CDP and posted to our website as they are acquired.
For the full release schedule, click here: Census Program Release Schedule.
Aboriginal peoples in Canada
The 2016 Census reaffirmed past trends in the Aboriginal population, that they are both young and age and growing in number. In 2016, there were 1,673,785 Aboriginal people in Canada, accounting for 4.9% of the total population, a 1.1% increase from 2006. Since 2006, the Aboriginal population has grown by 42.5%, more than four times the growth rate of non-Aboriginals. First Nations population is growing both on and off the reserve, though more than half live in western provinces. Additionally, the Aboriginal population living in metropolitan areas continues to grow.
Source: The Aboriginal population in Canada, 2016 Census of Population
The Census dictionary provides definitions for Aboriginal identity, Registered or Treaty Indian status, and Membership in a First Nation or Indian band. In addition, there are three Census in Brief articles:
- Diverse family characteristics of Aboriginal children aged 0 to 4
- The housing conditions of Aboriginal people in Canada
- The Aboriginal languages of First Nations people, Métis and Inuit
On Census day 2016, 21.9% of the population included landed immigrants or permanent residents, close to the country’s 1921 high. Recent immigrants account for 3.5% of the population. For the first time, Africa ranks second as source continent of recent immigrants, with a majority of newcomers (61.8%) born in Asia. Over half of all immigrants still come to Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal.
Source: Immigrant population in Canada, 2016 Census of Population
Source: Gateways to immigration in Canada, 2016 Census of Population
Additional analytical products include:
- Video Welcome to Canada: 150 years of immigration
- Census in Brief Children with an immigrant background: Bridging cultures
- Census in Brief Ethnic and cultural origins of Canadians: Portrait of a rich heritage
- Census in Brief Linguistic integration of immigrants and official language populations in Canada
The Census release data describes key housing indicators, including rate of home ownership, share of households living in condominiums, and share of households living in shelter not considered affordable. Overall, the rate of home ownership remains relatively stable since 2006, though millennials have a lower homeownership rate than baby boomers did at the age of 30. This infographic looks at condominiums, which are on the rise in Canada.
Source: Condominiums in Canada, 2016 Census of Population
- Aboriginal Peoples Highlight Tables
- Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity Highlight Tables
- Housing Highlight Tables
- Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census
Accompanying reference materials
- Release and Concepts Overview, Aboriginal peoples
- Release and Concepts Overview, Immigration and ethnocultural diversity
- Release and Concepts Overview, Housing
- Geographic areas not released
- Guide to the Census of Population, 2016
The software GeoSuite has been released with 2016 Census data. This is a useful tool for exploring the links between Census standard geographies and finding basic information and data on those areas.
GeoSearch is an interactive mapping application that makes it easy to find geographic areas in Canada for which census data are available. To find a specific place of interest, users can click and zoom in on a map of Canada or they can search by place name or postal code. Links to data products, analytical products and maps that are available for the selected area are listed below the map.
Additionally, you can view thematic maps showing 2011-2016 population change by Census Division, Census Subdivision and Census Tract or use the updated Focus on Geography series, which presents data highlights for each of the major releases of the 2016 Census through text, tables maps and figures.
Disability Screening Questions
Disability Screening Question data are now available for order from Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada introduced new Disability Screening questions in the 2016 Census, splitting disabilities by type.
The CDP is submitting an order cutting the data by age group, sex, disability type and how often respondents are affected by their disability. The data will be ordered at the Census Tract, Census Division and Census Subdivision levels. This order will be used to assess the level of suppression to which the data are subjected and the suitability of these data for cross-tabulation with other variables in future orders.
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